Haflinger is an old breed of low horses, bred in the mountains of Austria, in Tyrol. The history of the halflinger can be traced back to the Middle Ages, when writers mentioned a population of horses of the eastern type living in the mountains of South Tyrol on the territory of modern Austria and northern Italy. Many villages and farms in Tirol could be reached only through narrow mountain paths, moving and carrying goods, which were only capable of agile and dexterous horses. The paintings of this area at the beginning of the 19th century depicted neat little horses with riders and packs traveling on steep mountain roads.
The first official documentation representing the halflinger (named after the Tyrolean village of Hafling, modern Italy) was provided in 1874, when a stallion who founded the breed, 249 Foley, was born from a crossbred Arab 133 El Bedawi XX and a local Tyrolean mare. Continue reading
Height at withers up to 175 cm; the typical suit is gray, but there is also a crow. Designed for work requiring special strength and endurance, they are also very widely used for horseback riding because of the particularly gentle running.
Bred in France at the beginning of the XIX century by crossing eastern, mainly Arab stallions with a local harness of heavy western type. Perserons were imported into Russia in the 19th century.
The Persherons derive their name from the abundant pastures of the Perche breeding area south of the mouth of the River Seine; they represent a purebred Nori horse containing a highly variable admixture of oriental blood; to resort to such crossing has caused the need for strong and fast horses, necessary for the postal chase and omnibus. Continue reading
He left the following description of horses that were used for riding by Ingush mountaineers: “Horses in the mountains are small, but hardy, light on the move” [12, p. 372].
Describing Adyghe horses, Y. Klaprot reports that their horses are of medium size, mainly chestnut or bay suits. He indicates that the best breed among the Adyghe horses is a hut, whose foal is equal to the price of a slave. At the same time, Y. Klaprot draws attention to the fact that “there are not so many good horses among the Circassians, as is usually believed” [9, p. 223]. As follows from this message, the Adyghe horses were slightly higher in growth in comparison with the horses of other highlanders. The rather large similarity of the descriptions of the horses of the mountain peoples of the North Caucasus, which is observed in written sources, probably indicates their common origin. Continue reading